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[Focus on the fifth anniversary of the “Belt and Road”] Five years of hard work and fruitful results
In the autumn of 2013, President Xi Jinping put forward the proposal to jointly build the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road in Kazakhstan and Indonesia, which has received high attention from the international community and positive responses from many countries. In the past 5 years, adhering to the principles of consultation, co-construction, and sharing, the “Belt and Road” construction has achieved fruitful results from ideas to actions, visions to reality, and brought new development opportunities and well-being to the countries and people along the route. Vigorous vitality and broad prospects for development.
This is 5 years of continuous policy communication. The "Belt and Road" international cooperation summit forum held in May last year is the highest-level and largest multilateral diplomatic platform initiated and sponsored by China since the founding of New China, and has caused a huge response at home and abroad. The summit forum has formed 279 results in five major categories. As of now, most of them have been completed or can be turned into normal work, and the remaining results are also being implemented in an orderly manner. China has signed cooperation documents on the Belt and Road Initiative with more than 100 countries and international organizations. The joint construction of the "Belt and Road" initiative and its core ideas have been incorporated into the outcome documents of important international mechanisms such as the United Nations, the Group of Twenty, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, and the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. The “Belt and Road” initiative continues to build consensus on international cooperation, and has created a good atmosphere for the “Belt and Road” co-construction in the international community.
This is the 5th year that facilities connectivity has been continuously strengthened. Facilities connectivity is the core content and priority area of the "Belt and Road" construction. In the past 5 years, the construction of efficient and smooth international corridors has been accelerated. The construction of China-Laos Railway, China-Thailand Railway, and Hungary-Serbia Railway has been progressing steadily. The second phase of the Hambantota Port was completed. The construction progress of the Colombo Port City project was more than halfway, and an important transit hub was established in Piraeus Port. The Sino-Myanmar crude oil pipeline was put into operation, the Sino-Russian crude oil pipeline double line was put into operation, and the construction of the Sino-Russian eastern natural gas pipeline was advanced as planned. The number of China-Europe trains has exceeded 9,000, reaching 14 European countries and 42 cities.
These are the five years in which trade has continued to improve. China's trade and investment cooperation with the countries along the “Belt and Road” has been expanding, forming a good situation of mutual benefit and win-win situation. In the first half of this year, China ’s import and export value of goods with countries along the route reached US $ 605.02 billion, an increase of 18.8%; Chinese enterprises ’new investments in the 55 countries along the“ Belt and Road ”totaled US $ 7.4 billion, a year-on-year increase of 12%. At present, China and the countries along the route have built more than 80 overseas economic and trade cooperation zones, creating 244,000 local jobs. China-Belarus Industrial Park has become a model of bilateral cooperation, and a large number of cooperation parks such as the China-Laos Cross-border Economic Cooperation Zone and the China-Kazakhstan Khorgos International Border Cooperation Center are also accelerating construction.
This is the 5th year of continuous expansion of financial services. China strengthens financial cooperation, promotes currency circulation and financing, creates a stable financing environment for the construction of the “Belt and Road” initiative, actively guides all types of capital to participate in the development of the real economy and the creation of value chains, and promotes the healthy development of the world economy. As of June 2018, China has established RMB clearing arrangements in 7 countries along the route, and 11 Chinese banks have established 71 Tier 1 institutions in 27 countries along the route.
This is the 5 years that people's hearts have been continuously promoted. The establishment of the "Silk Road" Chinese government scholarship, the establishment of the "Belt and Road" Green Development International Alliance initiative, the official opening of the "Belt and Road" official website ... Multi-level, multi-field humanities exchanges and cooperation, for the friendly exchanges and business of the people along the countries , Culture, education, tourism and other activities have brought convenience and opportunities, and constantly promote the mutual learning of civilizations and cultural innovation.
The "Belt and Road" initiative originated in China and belongs to the world. As President Xi Jinping pointed out in an important speech at the BRICS Business Forum held in Johannesburg, South Africa, we will continue to vigorously promote the "Belt and Road" construction and open up new space for the economic and social development of various countries and the implementation of the 2030 Agenda. (Economic Daily, China Economic Network reporter Xiong Li)
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